Social Implications of Child Maltreatment

Besides medical costs, child abuse requires the attention and costs of many agencies and services such as:

* Child Protective Services

* Local Law Enforcement

* Specialized Law Enforcement

* Detectives

* Crisis Nurseries

* Follow Up Medical Care’ Attorney Costs

* Forensic interviews

* Guardian ad Litem Costs

* Advocate Costs

* Court Costs

* Foster Care

* Respite Care

* Individual Counseling

* Family Counseling

* Family-Based Services

* In-Home Services

* Parenting Education

* Housing Assistance

* Substance Abuse Treatment

* Child care Costs

* TANF/Food Stamps/AHCCCS

* Juvenile Justice System Costs

* Probation Costs

Children who are traumatized may have problems in school, may have scattered attendance, and are likely to have mental health problems that may follow them into adulthood (Miller, et. al., 1996). More than 22% of abused and neglected children receive special education services for at least one year (Daro, D., 1988). Additionally, there is an association between an abuse history and subsequent aggressive acts among juveniles. About 20% of maltreated children will be convicted for a considerable crime such as theft or assault (Lewis, D. Mallouh, C. & Webb, V, 1989). What’s more, abused and neglected children are at greater risk of using substances and engaging in risky behaviors, and subsequently suffering the consequences of them. The cycle may keep repeating itself unless it is broken (Wang & Holton, 2007).

The act of abuse not only affects a child in the present, but continues to affect that child throughout the course of life. Maltreatment cases leave 18,000 children permanently disabled each year (Wang & Holton, 2007). Psychologically, there can be lifelong responses to trauma with the child victim and also family witnesses.